Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management
and Planning Authority
With a cover of 23% of Geographical area of the country, forest in India comprise
of a number of diverse forest types and reserved areas designated as National Parks
and Wildlife Sanctuaries. In India, forest meet the livelihood needs of people living
in and adjoining the forests in about 1, 73,000 villages. Forests also act as carbon
sinks and regulators of water regime. Many development and industrial projects such
as erection of dams, mining, and construction of industries or roads require diversion
of forest land. Any project proponent, government or private must apply for forest
clearance from Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), before the conversion
of land take place. This proposal is to be submitted through the concerned forest
department of the state government. If clearance is given, then compensation for
the lost forest land is also to be decided by the ministry and the regulators. Due
to certain discrepancies in the implementation of compensatory afforestation, some
NGOs had approached The Hon’ble Supreme Court for relief. The Hon’ble Supreme Court
on 10th July 2009 issued orders that there will be a Compensatory Afforestation
Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) as National Advisory Council under
the chairmanship of the Union Minister of Environment & Forests for monitoring,
technical assistance and evaluation of compensatory afforestation activities.
Uttarakhand CAMPA was notified in Jul, 2009 in pursuance of Honorable Supreme court
order dated 10th July, 2009 in WP(C) No. 202/1995 & instructions contained in Ministry
of Environment & Forest GOI Letter No. 1-58/09-Mos(I/C)- E and F dated 15th july,
The aims and objectives for which the CAMPA authority is established shall be to
- Conservation, protection, regeneration and management of existing natural forests.
- Conservation, protection and management of wildlife and its habitat within and outside
protected areas including the consolidation of the protected areas;
- Compensatory afforestation.
Environmental services, which include:-
- Provision of goods such as wood, non-timber forest products, fuel, fodder and water,
and provision of services such as grazing, tourism, wildlife protection and life
- Regulating services such as climate regulation, disease control, flood moderation,
detoxification, carbon sequestration and health of soils, air and water regimes.
- Non-material benefits obtained from ecosystems, spiritual, recreational, aesthetic,
inspirational, educational and symbolic.
- Supporting such other services necessary for the production of ecosystem services,
biodiversity, nutrient cycling and primary production.
- Science, Research, Training and Capacity Building.
- Environment Protection and Sustainable Forest Management.